The Bioenergy platform of Iowa NSF EPSCoR investigated both the challenges of producing large quantities of biomass in a sustainable manner and the unanswered questions of how to transport, store and utilize biomass within the current electric power plant infrastructure built in the last century to exploit fossil energy resources.
The biomass production team established three Bioenergy Agro- Ecosystem Research (BAER) sites in Iowa. These research facilities monitored fluxes of greenhouse gases, nutrients, carbon, energy and water associated with biomass production.
This team focused on the conversion of biomass into “feedstock intermediates” that have superior transport, storage, combustion, and gasification characteristics compared to raw biomass. This team also created open-source computational tools to simulate the thermochemical conversion of biomass.
The Bioeconomy Institute at Iowa State University advances the use of biorenewable resources for the production of chemicals, fuels, materials and energy. It administered the Iowa State University portion of Iowa NSF EPSCoR program.